Washington has five major volcanoes: Mount Baker, Glacier Peak, Mount Rainier, Mount St. Helens, and Mount Adams. These volcanoes are part of the Cascade Range, a 1,200-mile long line of volcanoes that stretches from British Columbia to northern California.
Each of Washington’s five major stratovolcanoes are still active. In fact, all of them except for Mount Adams have erupted in the last 250 years. Volcanoes do not erupt at regular intervals, so it is difficult to know exactly when or where the next eruption will happen. It is important to prepare ahead of time.
Many hazards come with living near volcanoes. Volcanic eruptions can send ash and volcanic debris into the air. Heat from the volcano can melt snow or ice and cause dangerous mudslides called lahars. Molten rock called lava can erupt and flow downhill, destroying everything in its path.
Volcanoes are also beautiful mountains that many people visit each year for recreation. Volcanoes are the most visual result of plate tectonics, and are one of the few places on Earth where molten rock can reach the surface. There are even old volcanoes on other planets, such as Venus and Mars.
EVACUATION AND PREPARATION
Volcanic eruptions and lahars are frightening natural disasters. It is important to prepare ahead of time.
The eruption of Mount St. Helens on May 18, 1980 killed 57 people, destroyed 27 bridges and almost 200 homes, and caused disruption for thousands of people. You can minimize damage and loss of life by being prepared for a volcanic emergency. One of the most important things you can do is learn about your risks.