Nisqually Reach Aquatic Reserve
About the Reserve
The Nisqually Reach Aquatic Reserve, located in south Puget Sound, extends from the Nisqually River Delta across Nisqually Reach and around Anderson Island and Ketron Island to the shores of McNeil Island.
Designated in 2011, the Nisqually Reach Aquatic Reserve is part of a network of protected ecosystems in the Nisqually Reach area, including the Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge. The Nisqually Indian Tribe and the Nisqually Land Trust also manage adjacent lands for conservation and protection. Together, these connected lands add up to more than 17,920 acres that have been set aside to preserve and restore this area’s distinctive habitat qualities and the species they support.
|Nisqually Reach Aquatic Reserve At-A-Glance|
|Designated||Designated in 2011|
|Size||14,826 acres of state-owned aquatic land|
|Significant species||Juvenile salmon, Pacific sand lance, pigeon guillemots|
|Important habitats||Eelgrass beds, pocket estuaries, sandy beaches and spits|
|Management Plan||Management Plan (2011)|
|Commissioner's Order||Commissioner's Order (2011)|
Click here or on the image above to launch the Aquatic Reserves Program Data Viewer.
Species and Habitats
The Nisqually Reach Aquatic Reserve encompasses a variety of habitat areas. High bluffs with sand and gravel beaches are prevalent features in the reserve. Small ‘pocket’ estuaries provide refuge and rearing areas for numerous juvenile fish and invertebrates. In the deep waters between the delta and Anderson Island lie great shifting sand dunes— formed by the dynamic confluence of sediment carried from the Nisqually River and the extreme tidal exchanges in the South Sound.
Shallow subtidal and lower intertidal areas support eelgrass and a large variety of seaweed. These habitats provide a home for a wide diversity of resident and migratory birds, fish, mammals, and invertebrate species including pigeon guillemots and red-throated loons, Chinook salmon and pile perch, harbor seals, and river otters, and Dungeness crabs and glassy sea squirts.
The Nisqually River, Delta, and Reach all play an important role in the life cycle of salmon and other fish species. When juvenile salmon migrate out of the river delta, they use the shorelines of the aquatic reserve as shelter and foraging grounds, as well as to adapt to saltwater before leaving the South Puget Sound. When they return, adult salmon spend time in the reserve before migrating upstream to spawn.
Citizen Science and Stewardship
A Citizen Stewardship Committee, led by the Nisqually Reach Nature Center, organizes pigeon guillemot surveys and forage fish monitoring in and around Nisqually Reach Aquatic Reserve. The committee also works to educate others about nearshore ecology, the Aquatic Reserve's condition, and planning issues that affect the reserve. For more information on the committee and how to get involved visit aquaticreserves.org.
Citizen Science Reports
- Intertdial Forage Fish Spawning Surveys: Monitoring Report (2014)
- Pigeon Guillemot Foraging and Breeding Survey: Monitoring Report (2013)
Science and Monitoring
The Aquatic Reserves Program Data Viewer is an interactive map with monitoring data collected by the Aquatic Reserves Program and Citizen Stewardship Committees. Click here to view the interactive map.
Nisqually River Delta Restoration
The Nisqually River Delta became the site of the largest estuary restoration project in Puget Sound when tidal inundation was returned to 750 acres of the delta by dike removal in 2009. The US Geologic Survey and the Nisqually Indian Tribe are conducting multidisciplinary monitoring of the ecosystem's response to these changes.
- 2010-2015 Juvenile Fish Ecology in the Nisqually River Delta and Nisqually Reach Aquatic Reserve (Hodgson et. al., 2016)
- River delta eelgrass supports late season foraging by outmigrating Chinook Salmon (Rubin et al.)
Links and Reports
Aquatic Reserve Management
The Nisqually Reach Aquatic Reserve Implementation Committee is a stakeholder advisory group that provides guidance on management priorities and helps implement management actions.