The following technical reports, publications, and data sets were produced by, or in collaboration with, Washington Natural Heritage Program scientists. The reports are listed in descending order of publication date.
USNVC Classification for Washington’s Ecosystems. Full hierarchy with Group Descriptions. 2016. NatureServe.
Ecological Systems of Washington State. A Guide to Identification 2015. F. Joseph Rocchio and Rex C. Crawford.
Conservation Status Ranks of Washington’s Ecological Systems 2015. F. Joseph Rocchio and Rex C. Crawford.
Assessing the Condition of Spatial Priority Areas in the Columbia Plateau Ecoregion 2014. Rex C. Crawford and Joe Rocchio.
Eastern Washington Floristic Quality Assessment Index Calculator - Columbia Basin (Jan. 2014 version) - Sites within the Columbia Bain (i.e. arid lands below lower treeline).
Eastern Washington Floristic Quality Assessment Index Calculator - Mountains (Jan. 2014 version) - Sites above lower treeline in the East Cascades, Okanogan Highlands, Northern Rocky Mountains, and Blue Mountains.
Willapa NWR Phase II Ecological Integrity Assessment Pilot Project 2013. Rex C. Crawford and F. Joseph Rocchio.
Vegetation/Landuse Map of Potential Habitat of Southwest Washington Prairie Species 2013. Rex C. Crawford and F. Joseph Rocchio.
Applying NatureServe's Ecological Integrity Assessment Methodology to Washington's Ecological Systems 2011. F. Joseph Rocchio and Rex C. Crawford.
Monitoring Desired Ecological Conditions on Washington State Wildlife Areas Using an Ecological Integrity Assessment Framework 2009. F. Joseph Rocchio and Rex C. Crawford.
Plant Associations Known or With Potential to Occur within Ebey’s Landing National Historic Reserve, Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, Lewis and Clark National Historical Park, San Juan National Park 2009. F. Joseph Rocchio and Rex C. Crawford.
Biodiversity Significance of BLM Properties on Patos and Little Patos Islands, Carter Point, Lummi Rocks, and south end Eliza Island, Washington 2006. Rex C. Crawford and Chris B. Chappell.
Wildlife Habitats: Descriptions, Status, Trends, and System Dynamics .2001. Christopher B. Chappell, Rex C. Crawford, Charley Barrett, Jimmy Kagan, David H. Johnson, Mikell O’Mealy, Greg A. Green, Howard L. Ferguson, W. Daniel Edge, Eva L. Greda, and Thomsa A. O’Neil; Chapter in Wildlife Habitat Relationships in Washington and Oregon.
Southwestern Washington Prairies: Using GIS to find Rare Plant Habitats in Historic Prairies 2004. Florence Caplow and Janice Miller.
Changes in the South Puget Prairie Landscape 1997. Rex Crawford and Heida Hall; Chapter in Ecology and Conservation of the South Puget Sound Prairie Landscape.
Native Vegetation of the South Puget Sound Prairie Landscape 1997. Christopher B. Chappell and Rex C. Crawford; Chapter in Ecology and Conservation of the South Puget Sound Prairie Landscape.
Field Manual and Forms for Applying EIA in Upland Ecosystems. In progress. F. Joseph Rocchio, Rex C. Crawford, and Tynan Ramm-Granberg.
San Juan Island National Historical Park Vegetation Classification and Mapping Project Report 2012. F. Joseph Rocchio, Rex C. Crawford, and Catharine Copass.
Assessment of Ecological Condition of Silene spaldingii and Polemonium pectinatum Habitat 2012. Rex C. Crawford and F. Joseph Rocchio.
An Assessment of the Ecological Characteristics and Ecological Integrity of the Palouse Prairie of Washington 2011. Rex C. Crawford and F. Joseph Rocchio.
Current Vegetation of Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington State. Prepared for U.S. Department of Defense 2010. Rex C. Crawford.
Identifying Protection and/or Restoration Priorities in the Washington State Park System Using an Ecological Integrity Assessment Framework – A Pilot Study. Prepared for Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission 2010. Rex C. Crawford, F. Joseph Rocchio, and Eric Aubert.
National Natural Landmark Central Palouse Grassland Recommendation: Kahlotus Ridgetop 2010. Rex C. Crawford and F. Joseph Rocchio.
Vegetation Classification of Mount Rainier, North Cascades, and Olympic National Parks. Plant Association Descriptions and Identification Keys 2009. Rex C. Crawford, Christopher B. Chappell, Catharine C. Thompson, and F. Joseph Rocchio.
Conservation Strategy for Washington State Inland Dunes. 2007. Lisa A. Hallock, Ryan D. Haugo, Rex C. Crawford.
A Geographic Information System Coverage of Existing Grasslands and Oak Woodlands in the Puget Lowland and Willamette Valley Ecoregions, Washington 2003. Christopher B. Chappell, Mary Sue Gee, and Betty Stephens.
Oak/grassland GIS Data set (select the 'Natural Heritage' jump link at the top of the page, or scroll down)
Distribution and Decline of Native Grasslands and Oak Woodlands in the Puget Lowland and Willamette Valley Ecoregions, Washington 2001. Christopher B. Chappell, Mary Sue Mohn Gee, Betty Stephens, Rex Crawford, and Stephen Farone; Chapter from Conservation of Washington Rare Plants & Ecosystems. Washington Native Plant Society.
Pacific madrone forests of the Puget Trough, Washington 1995; Christopher B. Chappell and David F. Giglio; Chapter in The Decline of Pacific Madrone (Arbutus menziesii Pursh): Current Theory and Research Directions.
Regional Inventories of Prairies in the Southern Puget Trough: Phase One 1995. Heidi Hall, Rex Crawford, and Betty Stephens.
Wetlands and Riparian Areas
Guide to Wetland and Riparian Types of Washington State - Coming soon
Field Guide to Wetland and Riparian Plant Associations of Washington State - Coming soon
Assessment of Potential Recovery Actions for Lomatium bradshawii within the Lacamas Prairie Natural Area Preserve and Vicinity. 2018. Tynan Ramm-Granberg and F. Joseph Rocchio.
Reference Standard Wetlands for Washington State. An Approach Based on the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. 2017. F. Joseph Rocchio and Tynan Ramm-Granberg.
Field Manual for Applying Rapid Ecological Integrity Assessments in Washington State Wetlands and Riparian Areas 2016. F. Joseph Rocchio.
Toward Creating a National Reference Wetlands Registry 2016. Robert P. Brooks, Don Faber-Langendoen, Gregg Serenbetz, Joe Rocchio, Eric D. Stein, and Kathleen Waltz. National Wetland Newsletter, Vol. 38, No. 3. Environmental Law Institute.
Rating the Condition of Reference Wetlands Across States: NatureServe’s Ecological Integrity Assessment Method 2016. Don Faber-Langendoen, William Nichols, Joe Rocchio, Kathleen Waltz, Joana Lemly, Regan Smyth, and Kristin Snow. National Wetland Newsletter, Vol. 38, No. 3. Environmental Law Institute.
Wetland Ecosystem Conservation Priorities for Washington State. An Update of Natural Heritage Classification, Inventory, and Prioritization of Wetlands of High Conservation Value 2015. F. Joseph Rocchio, Rex C. Crawford, and Rebecca Niggemann.
Wetland Conservation Priorities for Western Washington. A Focus on Rare & High-quality Wetland & Riparian Plant Associations 2014. F. Joseph Rocchio, Rex C. Crawford, and Rebecca Niggemann.
Assessment of Ecological Characteristics and Ecological Integrity of Wetlands in Northern Douglas County, Washington 2009. F . Joseph Rocchio and Rex C. Crawford.
Change in Extent and Ecological Condition of Wetlands Surrounding Lake Pend Oreille, Idaho 2009. F. Joseph Rocchio.
Wet Prairie Swales of the South Puget Sound, Washington 2005. Richard T. Easterly, Debra L. Salstrom, and Chris B. Chappell.
Ecological classification of low-elevation riparian vegetation on the Olympic Experimental State Forest: A first approximation 1999. Christopher B. Chappell.
Preliminary Classification of Native, Low Elevation, Freshwater Wetland Vegetation in Western Washington 1994. Linda M. Kunze.
Provisional Riparian and Aquatic Wetland Plant Communities of the Columbia Plateau, Washington 1989. Shelly Evans.
Puget Trough Coastal Wetlands. Feasibility of Protection & Management 1986. Linda M. Kunze, Christopher Garber, and Florence Caplow.
Puget Trough Freshwater Wetlands. A Summary of Biologically Significant Sites (1986-1991).
Puget Trough Coastal Wetland Sanctuaries. A Summary Report of Recommended Sites 1984. Linda M. Kunze.
Freshwater & Marine
A Marine and Estuarine Habitat Classification System for Washington State 1997. Megan N. Dethier (with contributions from Linda M. Kunze).