E-bike Rules and Regulations
Current Rules and Regulations
DNR is committed to providing equitable trail access to all trail users. Class 1, 2, and 3 e-bikes are currently allowed on motorized trails and forest roads open to motorized public use.
Visitors with a valid ADA parking placard for their vehicles can use class 1 and 2 e-bikes on all nonmotorized trails that are open to bike use and forest roads where bicycles are allowed. Download the infographic.
Per Senate Bill 5452 (2021), DNR and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife shall undergo a public process to collect information related to electric-assisted bicycle use on nonmotorized natural surface trails and closed roads open to bicycles to determine where such use may occur and which classes of electric-assisted bikes are acceptable on such trails and roads under the agencies' management. This process is in the planning stage, and there will be more information here when it is available.
The current rules and regulations regarding electric-assisted bicycles can be found in RCW 46.04.169 and RCW 46.61.715. The Washington State Legislature has also passed SB 6434 (2018), HB 2782 (2018), and SB 5452 (2021).
"Electric-assisted bicycle" (e-bike) means a bicycle with two or three wheels, a saddle, fully operative pedals for human propulsion, and an electric motor. The electric-assisted bicycle's electric motor must have a power output of no more than seven hundred fifty watts.
The electric-assisted bicycle must meet the requirements of one of the following three classifications:
E-Bike Class 1
A bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that ceases to assist when the bicycle reaches 20 mph. Trail users can use Class 1 e-bikes on motorized trails and forest roads that are open to bike use and motorized use.
E-Bike Class 2
A bicycle equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle and that is not capable of providing assistance when the bicycle reaches a speed of 20 mph. Trail users can use Class 2 e-bikes on motorized trails and forest roads that are open to bike use and motorized use.
E-Bike Class 3
A bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and ceases to assist when the bicycle reaches a top speed of 28 mph and is equipped with a speedometer. Class 3 e-bikes can only be used on motorized trails and forest roads signed open to motorized use.
Americans with Disabilities Act
Trail users with disabilities can use class 1 and 2 e-bikes on nonmotorized trails where bikes are allowed with an ADA parking placard.
E-Bike Pilot Project
Currently, there is a class 1 e-bike pilot project in the Darrington/North Mountain trail system. This pilot provides a source of data gathering to help inform the long-term suitability of e-bike usage on DNR lands. To participate, click here.