Climate Change Adaptation Resources
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Climate Change Adaptation Resources 


Washington State Department of Ecology
The Department of Ecology has been tasked by the Washington State Legislature to lead stakeholder groups to develop plans for adapting to climate change. See Washington State Plans.

Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional, and State Governments
This tool, prepared by King County and used nationwide, is a tool for government agencies to use while planning for the impacts of climate change. King County/ICLEI/CIG Guidebook, September 2007.

Federal Efforts
Climate Change Adaptation Task Force
In 2009, the Obama Administration convened the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force, co-chaired by the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and including representatives from more than 20 Federal agencies. The group was tasked with developing a nation wide report

Landscape Conservation Cooperatives
Created by the Department of the Interior, Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs), are a network of public-private partnerships that provide shared science to ensure the sustainability of America's land, water, wildlife and cultural resources. DNR has representatives sitting on several LCC’s and on LCC working groups.


Washington State: Regional Plans
Adapting to Climate Change at Olympic National Forest and Olympic National Park
An example of a climate adaptation strategy for a specific national forest. United States Department of Agriculture, August 2011.

Swinomish Tribe
Many of Washington’s tribes have been actively planning for climate change. This is an example of an adaptation plan from the Swinomish Tribe.

Washington State Plans
Washington State Integrated Climate Change Response Strategy
In 2009, the Washington State Legislature approved the State Agency Climate Leadership Act SB 5560, which included provisions in sections 10 through 13 for the formation of an “integrated climate change response strategy” to “better enable state and local agencies, public and private businesses, nongovernmental organizations, and individuals to prepare for, address, and adapt to the impacts of climate change.” The final report is the outcome of significant stakeholder input and efforts.

National Plans
Responding to climate change in national forests: a guidebook for developing adaptation options
A plan for addressing climate change impacts to federal lands. Resource includes both strategies and approaches to strategy development. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, 2011.

National Action Plan for Freshwater Resources
An overview, developed by CEQ, of the challenges that a changing climate presents for the management of the Nation's freshwater resources. The report describes actions that Federal agencies propose to take in response to these challenges.

National Ocean Policy Task Force
By Presidential EO, National Ocean Policy Task Force was established and tasked to work with the interagency National Ocean Council on developing strategic action plans to achieve nine national priority objectives that address some of the most pressing challenges facing our ocean, coasts, and Great Lakes.


Climate Change Handbook for Regional Watershed Planning
A tool for those developing watershed scale climate adaptation plans. Developed cooperatively by the U.S.EPA, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, California Department of Water Resources, and the Resources Legacy Fund, November 2011.

Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE)
A Washington-based organization dedicated to developing and working with organizations on developing climate change adaptation strategies. Website includes a large database of adaptation case studies, reports, and tools, as well as links to federal, state, and local adaptation plans.

Local Strategies for Addressing Climate Change
Resources focus on what coastal resource managers around the country are already doing to address the impacts of climate change. Produced by NOAA Coastal Services Center, Feb. 2009.


Comprehensive Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Washington State
A comprehensive evaluation, sector by sector, of projected impacts of climate change that are expected in Washington State. This study is the most comprehensive of its kind for Washington. Climate Impacts Group (CIG), University of Washington, 2009.

Bentz, Barbara K.; Regniere, Jacques; Fettig, Christopher J.; Hansen, Matthew; Hayes, Jane L.; Hicke, Jeffrey A.; Kelsey, Rick G.; Negron, Jose F.; Seybold, Steven J. Climate Change and Bark Beetles of the Western United States and Canada: Direct and Indirect Effects. BioScience. September 2010, Vol 60, No 8.

Campbell, S. K. Waddell, and A. Gray (tech. eds.). 2010. Washington’s forest resources, 2002–2006: five-year Forest Inventory and Analysis report. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-800. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Climate Leadership Initiative. 2010. Additional Analysis of the Potential Economic Costs to the State of Washington of a Business-as-Usual Approach to Climate Change: Lost Snowpack Water Storage and Bark Beetle Impacts.

Franklin, J.F., M.A Hemstrom, R. VanPelt, J.B. Buchanan, and S. Hill. 2008. The Case for Active Management of Dry Forest Types in Eastern Washington: Perpetuating and Creating Old Forest Structures and Functions. Washington Department of Natural Resources.

Hessburg, P.F. and J.K. Agee. 2003. An environmental narrative of Inland Northwest United States forests, 1800-2000. Forest Ecology and Management 178: 23-59.

Hessburg, P.F., J.K. Agee, and J.F. Franklin. 2005. Dry mixed conifer forests and wildland fires of the inland Northwest USA: Contrasting the landscape ecology of the pre-settlement and modern eras. Forest Ecology and Management 211: 117-139.

John T. Kliejunas; Geils, Brian W.; Glaeser, Jessie Micales; Goheen, Ellen Michaels; Hennon, Paul; Kim, Mee-Sook; Kope, Harry; Stone, Jeff; Sturrock, Rona; and Frankel, Susan J. Review of Literature on Climate Change and Forest Diseases of Western North America. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report PSW-GTR-225. October, 2009.

Feely, R.A., S.R. Alin, J. Newton, C.L. Sabine, M. Warner, A. Devol, C. Krembs, and C. Maloy. 2010. The combined effects of ocean acidification, mixing, and respiration on pH and carbonate saturation in an urbanized estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 88(4): 442-449.

National Research Council. 2010. Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Feely, R.A., S.C. Doney, and S.R. Cooley. 2009. Ocean acidification: Present conditions and future changes in a high-CO2 world. Oceanography 22(4): 36–47.

Ducks Unlimited, Inc. 2010a. SLAMM Analysis of Grays Harbor, Washington. Unpublished technical report, Vancouver, WA.

Glick, P., J. Clough, and B. Nunley. 2007. Sea-level Rise and Coastal Habitats in the Pacific Northwest: An Analysis for Puget Sound, Southwestern Washington, and Northwestern Oregon. National Wildlife Federation.

Batker, D., M. Kocian, J. McFadden, and R. Schmidt. 2010. Valuing the Puget Sound Basin: Revealing Our Best Investments. Earth Economics. Tacoma, WA.

Dettinger, M. 2011. Climate Change, Atmospheric Rivers, and Floods in California - A Multimodel Analysis of Storm Frequency and Magnitude Changes. J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc. 47: 514-523.

Elsner, M.M., L. Cuo, N. Voisin, J. Deems, A.F. Hamlet, J.A. Vano, K.E.B. Mickelson, S.Y. Lee, and D.P. Lettenmaier. 2010. Implications of 21st century climate change for the hydrology of Washington State. Climatic Change 102(1-2): 225-260.

Hamlet, A.F., P. Carrasco, J. Deems, M.M. Elsner, T. Kamstra, C. Lee, S-Y Lee, G. Mauger, E. P. Salathe, I. Tohver, L. Whitely Binder. 2010.Final Project Report for the Columbia Basin Climate Change Scenarios Project.

Hidalgo, H.G., T. Das, M.D. Dettinger, D.R. Cayan, D.W. Pierce, T.P. Barnett, G. Bala, A. Mirin, A.W. Wood, C. Bonfils, B.D. Santer, and T. Nozawa. 2009. Detection and Attribution of Streamflow Timing Changes to Climate Change in the Western United States. Journal of Climate 22: 3838-3855.

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Michal Rechner
Aquatic Resources Assistant Division Manager

Dan Siemann
Executive Policy Advisor for Climate Adaptation & Energy


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