Subsurface Geology & 3D Visualization
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Subsurface Geology & 3D Visualization 

Our subsurface geology data are used to compile 3D visualizations of the earth and can help us to understand the relationship between Washington’s complex geology and the environment. These data are used to evaluate resources and their associated problems, such as groundwater aquifer pollutants and pathways, as well as geologic hazards posed by landslide, earthquake (seismic), and volcanic events.

Subsurface Data

Subsurface data are primarily obtained from geotechnical wells, geophysical surveys, such as seismic shear wave measurements, and water well records. The subsurface data we collect and use in our work is maintained in databases and presented in the Subsurface theme of the online Washington State Geologic Information Portal. You can also download the geodatabase through the portal or directly from our GIS Data and Databases page.

3D Visualization

Subsurface data are often available for areas that are currently being mapped. Below is an illustration showing part of the 2013 geologic map of the Sultan 7.5-minute quadrangle draped over topography and intersected by a cross section in the foreground. The colored cylinders represent boreholes for which there are subsurface data used in the construction of the cross section.

Screenshot of a cross section view of the Sultan quadrangle 3D PDF, available for download below.

3D PDFs are a user-friendly way to enjoy visualizations like the one shown above because they can be opened with the freely-available Adobe® Reader® software. Click here to download the user guide explaining how to use 3D PDFs. As these files are very large (~100 MB) we recommend that you right-click and "Save As" so the file will download to your computer rather than rendering through your browser.

Click here to view our 3D PDF tutorial video on YouTube.

Select a downloadable 3D PDF below:

Quadrangle NameDownload Size (MB)
Center 74



Seabeck / Poulsbo




Google Earth 1:100,000-scale Surface Geology 3D Overlays

The links below allow you to download 3D overlays of 1:100,000-scale surface geology of counties for use in Google Earth. Viewing the geologic data in this way helps in visualizing the relationships between geology and terrain. To load the KMZ file in Google Earth, you can either: 1) drag and drop the KMZ file into the Google Earth Table of Contents, or 2) Click File, Open, and navigate to the KMZ file. You can set the vertical exaggeration within the 3D View menu by selecting Options from the Tools menu toolbar. There is also a YouTube instructional video for loading KMZ files into Google Earth.

Data File ContentsFormat
About the Google Earth OverlaysPDF

Adams County


Asotin County


Benton County


Chelan County


Clallam County


Clark County


Columbia County


Cowlitz County


Douglas CountyKMZ
Ferry CountyKMZ
Franklin CountyKMZ
Garfield CountyKMZ
Grant CountyKMZ
Grays Harbor CountyKMZ
Island CountyKMZ
Jefferson CountyKMZ
King CountyKMZ
Kitsap CountyKMZ
Kittitas CountyKMZ
Klickitat CountyKMZ
Lewis CountyKMZ
Lincoln CountyKMZ
Mason CountyKMZ
Okanogan CountyKMZ
Pacific CountyKMZ
Pend Oreille CountyKMZ
Pierce CountyKMZ
San Juan CountyKMZ
Skagit CountyKMZ
Skamania CountyKMZ
Snohomish CountyKMZ
Spokane CountyKMZ
Stevens CountyKMZ
Thurston CountyKMZ
Wahkiakum CountyKMZ
Walla Walla CountyKMZ
Whatcom CountyKMZ
Whitman CountyKMZ
Yakima CountyKMZ


 ‭(Hidden)‬ Files Filter

to specify items for consumption by a Data View. To change the list that this refers to, check the Miscellaneous group in the sidebar tool for the ListURL value and change the URL to point to a different list.

 ‭(Hidden)‬ Contacts Filter

to specify items for consumption by a Data View. To change the list that this refers to, check the Miscellaneous group in the sidebar tool for the ListURL value and change the URL to point to a different list.


For General Questions and Information
Washington State Department of Natural Resources

David Jeschke
Geology & Earth Resources Division, IT Specialist


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