FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
September 10, 2009
New maps reveal southern extension of southern Whidbey Island fault
DNR traces fault from Whidbey Island to Rattlesnake Mountain near North Bend; effort may help determine frequency and severity of quakes
OLYMPIA – A team lead by Washington State Department of Natural Resources (DNR) geologists has released maps showing that the southern Whidbey Island fault extends much farther south and east than once thought and connects to the Rattlesnake Mountain fault zone. Although not as well known or studied as the Seattle fault, the southern Whidbey Island fault is considered capable of generating equally large earthquakes. The fault represents a potential seismic hazard to residents of the Puget Lowland. Cities at greatest risk are Everett, Seattle, Port Townsend, and even Victoria.
“These maps bring to light more knowledge that will help scientists and planners better understand and prepare for our state’s earthquake hazards,” said Dave Norman, State Geologist and Manager, DNR Geology and Earth Resources Division.
The team determined that the Rattlesnake Mountain fault zone, which was originally mapped by DNR’s Tim Walsh in 1984, extends from near North Bend and through the Snoqualmie River Valley in the vicinity of Fall City and Carnation. The new mapping shows that it is the continuation of the south Whidbey Island fault. In the area of North Bend, the fault zone is 4 miles wide and consists of a series of parallel faults. These fault strands follow the valley edges and control the location of the Snoqualmie River along parts of the valley.
Mapping along the Snoqualmie River Valley helped answer another important question: where does the Seattle fault lie east of its last mapped position near Issaquah? The DNR team found that the Seattle fault does not extend east of the Rattlesnake Mountain fault zone near Fall City. Studies by state and federal geologists in the next few years will help determine the frequency and severity of earthquakes along these fault zones.
A team from DNR’s Division of Geology and Earth Resources, headed by Joe Dragovich and assisted by geologists from King County, Pacific Northwest Seismic Network, Colorado College, and Washington State University, spent three years mapping the area’s geologic features.
Geologic maps of 7.5-minute topographic quadrangles covering parts of the Seattle fault and southern Whidbey Island fault zone are available on the DNR website as:
- Geologic Map (GM) -67 (Fall City quadrangle),
- GM-73 (North Bend quadrangle), and
- GM-75 (Snoqualmie quadrangle).
The detailed, full-color maps measure 42” x 36” and are very large files. To download, go to http://www.dnr.wa.gov/AboutDNR/Divisions/GER/ , click on “Publications of the Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources” in the lower right-hand corner, and go to Page 8 for GM-67 and Page 9 for GM-73 and GM-75. Printed copies may be purchased through the Washington State Department of Printing at http://www.prt.wa.gov/ .
Geology and Earth Resources
DNR’s Geology and Earth Resources Division provides information about Washington’s geology, including resources, hazards, and basic geology. The division offers geological and geotechnical services to the public, government agencies, and universities. Its staff also administer state regulatory and information programs for natural gas, oil, geothermal, and surface and metal mining.
Media Contact: Bob Redling, Senior Communications Manager, 360-902-1149, email@example.com
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