Seedling Species Types
Available from webster forest nursery
Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
This species was first observed by Arthur Menzies on Vancouver Island when he accompanied the British naval captain Vancouver on an expedition to the Pacific Coast in the early 1790s. Douglas-fir is a dimorphic species with two more-or-less distinct forms. One of these is restricted to the forests of the Pacific slope and the other to those of the Rocky Mountain region. Douglas-fir comprises about 50 percent of the standing timber in the western forests. It produces more timber than any other American species. Trees in virgin forests average 180 to 250 feet in height and 4 to 6 feet in diameter. Under favorable conditions, trees 10 years of age may be 12 to 15 feet in height and 1 to 2 inches in diameter. Trees are found in a variety of soils but make their best growth in deep, rich, well-drained, porous loams in areas where there is an abundance of both soils and atmospheric moisture.
Grand Fir (Abies grandis)
This species is noted for the two distinct sizes of its needles: the ones on the upper side are shorter than those from underneath. Trees in the coastal forests reach 140 to 160 feet and 2-4 feet in diameter. Mature trees are noted for their long, clear, columnar boles and dome-like crowns. Roots are deep and spreading and they prefer deep, moist alluvial soils in gulches, streams and gentle banks. Maturity is reached at 200 years.
Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta)
Lodgepole pine has a wide distribution throughout western North America. At least four varieties can be recognized. Two varieties of lodgepole pine are known as shore pine, typically found in the west. The other two are inland varieties of lodgepole pine. Lodgepole is a relatively small tree ordinarily 25 to 30 ft high and 12 to 18 inches in diameter. It has a short, contorted bole and dense irregular crown of twisted branches extending nearly to the ground. The root system is deep and wide spreading and often associated with peat bogs.
Noble Fir (Abies procera)
Mature trees produce a long, clear bole with a dome like crown. With a deep and spreading root system, this species prefers a deep, cool and moist soil. Growth in height and diameter is slow during seedling stage but is moderately rapid in later years. Heights of 90 to 120 feet are reported of trees at ages of 100 to 120 years. Maturity is reached in about 350 years.
Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa)
This species is found in commercial quantities in almost every state west of the Great Plains and is second to Douglas-fir in annual production of lumber. Ponderosa pine average 150 to 180 feet high and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. Even though this species commonly forms open parklike forest, the tops are ordinarily symmetrical and clear for one-half or more of their length. Short, conical or flat-topped crowns are characteristic of old trees. This species attains its maximum development on relatively moist but well-drained soils but is resistant to drought on dry sites. Over much of its range, ponderosa pine regeneration depends upon a bumper crop of seeds in conjunction with above average rain fall. Natural seedlings can exist under the canopy of the parent trees, even thought they grow quite slowly, 3 to 4 feet during the first 15 to 20 years.
Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)
Western hemlock timber was virtually unknown until the close of World War I, except locally. This is one the major timber-contributing species in the Pacific Northwest. This species varies from 125 feet to 175 feet in height and 2 to 4 feet in diameter. A distinguishing feature of western hemlock is the drooping terminal leader. An abundance of both soils and atmospheric moisture is a requisite for rapid growth. Nearly pure, extensive forests of western hemlock occur in southeastern Alaska, coastal British Columbia and western Washington.
Western Larch (Larix occidentalis)
This tree was discovered in 1806 by the Lewis and Clark Expedition on the upper watershed of the Clearwater River in western Montana. Sizes of this tree vary from 140 to 180 feet in height and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. The crowns are usually short, open and essentially pyramidal. In the summer, they are distinguished by the light lustrous green foliage. In the winter they lose their folage and are bare. Western larch attains maximum size on deep, moist, porous soils in high valleys and on mountain slopes of northern and western exposure.
Western Redcedar (Thuja plicata)
Western redcedar was first observed by the Malaspina Expedition on the west side of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, near Nootka Sound in 1791. Found primarily in the Pacific Northwest, it is the principle timber tree used in shingle manufacture in the United States and Canada. Under favorable conditions for growth, forest trees attain height averaging 150 feet to 200 feet and 4 to 8 feet diameter. The crown is typically irregular and is usually composed of numerous horizontal or drooping branches which bend upwards near the tips to form a distinct hook. This species generally inhabits moist flats and slopes, the banks of rivers an swamps. It does not flourish in dry soils.
Western White Pine (Pinus monticola)
Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis)
Red Alder (Alnus rubra)
All of these species are available to purchase in one or more stock types from Webster Nursery. Be sure to check the currently available species before ordering, as our supply changed frequently.
Not sure what species are best for what areas? Contact a Stewardship Forester, who can visit your site, answer questions, and provide suggestions.