Mima Mounds Natural Area Preserve
Features protected: Roemer’s fescue – white topped aster grassland community; Mima Mounds topography; Garry oak woodland and savannah
Ecoregion: Puget Trough
The Mima Mounds Natural Area Preserve (NAP) was established in 1976 to protect rare examples of mima mound landforms and Puget prairie grasslands. The site includes a small Garry oak woodland and savannah (widely spaced oak trees with grass understory) and also supports a variety of prairie dependent butterflies and birds, and Douglas-fir forest. The NAP currently comprises 637 acres of grassland covered mima mounds, forest and oak woodland. In 1966, the National Park Service designated mima mounds a National Natural Landmark, for its representation of our Nation’s natural landscape. The site is one of only 17 landmarks found in Washington State.
Environmental Education and Public Access
Mima Mounds NAP has an interpretive trail system including a paved, ADA accessible ½ mile loop, and two longer gravel paths to the north and south of the paved loop. The interpretive center includes full color signs with information on geology, mima mound hypotheses, prairie ecology, fire and Native American use. Site stewards are available by request to lead group tours. Staff may be available for educational field trips as time permits. No dogs allowed—please—to help conserve the ecology of this site.
Science, Research and Monitoring
Public and private universities, other research institutions and individual researchers may contact DNR to propose a research project at the site. If you are interested in pursuing research at Mima Mounds, please contact David Wilderman, Natural Areas Ecologist, at firstname.lastname@example.org
Mima Mounds NAP has served as an active research site for more than 50 years, including studies of mound formation, prairie vegetation, rare species, and restoration methods.
Examples of research and monitoring projects that have been carried out at Mima Mounds
- Stanley, A. G., T. N. Kaye, P. W. Dunwiddie. 2010. Regional strategies for restoring invaded prairies, final technical report. Institute for Applied Ecology, Corvallis, Oregon and The Nature Conservancy, Seattle, Washington.
- Reducing Soil Nitrogen to Restore the Puget Prairies.
- Dorner, J. 1999. The South Puget Sound Prairie Plant Community: A Multivariate Analysis of Plant Species Distribution and the Relationship of Environmental Variables. M.S. Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
- Del Moral, Roger, and David C. Deardorff. 1976. Vegetation of the Mima Mounds, Washington State. Ecology 57:520–530.
- Ground beetles in three western Washington prairies and associated oak forests.
- University of Washington – Tacoma, Restoration Ecology class projects.
- Inventory and distribution assessment of lichens, including the first record of Cladonia ciliata in the United States.
- Nelson. 1997. Implications of Subfossil Coleoptera for the Evolution of the Mima Mounds of Southwestern Puget Lowland, Washington. Quaternary Research 47, 356–358.
- Experimental seeding and outplanting of golden paintbrush (Castilleja levisecta).
Prairie Appreciation Day is held annually on the second Saturday in May at Mima Mounds NAP and the nearby Glacial Heritage Preserve. Mima Mounds NAP serves as the ADA accessible site for the event. Glacial Heritage is not accessible. For more information, contact the Pacific Cascade Region Natural Areas Manager.
Volunteer and Stewardship Opportunities
Mima Mounds Spring workday series
Volunteer workdays occur from 10:00 am-3:00 pm on the last Saturday of the month in March and April every year. Private companies and school groups are encouraged to contact the Natural Areas Manager regarding “day of service” work parties.
Volunteer site stewards are also needed year round to monitor the site, remove invasive species, check perimeter fences, and interact with visitors. If you are interested in becoming a site steward, please contact the Pacific Cascade Region Natural Areas Manager for more information.
Restoration at Mima Mounds Natural Area Preserve
The Department of Natural Resources, along with a number of partner organizations, is actively restoring parts of the Mima Mounds NAP to enhance conditions for rare plants, butterflies, and birds that inhabit prairie and oak habitats.
Directions to the Site
From southbound or northbound Interstate 5, take Exit 95 and turn west on Highway 121 (Maytown Road SW) toward Littlerock. In Littlerock, continue west (forward past the school, past the intersection with Littlerock Road that curves south, and past the mini mart/gas station on the right) onto 128th Avenue. Travel about 0.8 mile where 128th Avenue ends at a 'T.' on top of the hill. Turn right onto Waddell Creek Road and travel about 1 mile. The entrance to Mima Mounds Natural Area Preserve will be on the left.
A Washington State Discover Pass is required for parking at this site. This funding helps DNR manage these important natural areas across the state.